Protective Factors

Protective factors are those characteristics or conditions which are associated with safety, given the presence of risk factors. Important protective factors include:

  • Employment of abuser (who therefore has something to lose)
  • Employment of survivor (who therefore is less isolated)
  • Social connections of survivor
  • Access to resources for survivor
  • Survivor's ability in the past to protect self and children

Assessing protective factors:

  • Does survivor have friends and/or family who know about the abuse?
  • Does survivor have at least one person she considers an ally?
  • Is there a safe place known to survivor and children to which to flee if needed?
  • Does survivor have economic resources to manage without abuser?

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