Protective factors are those characteristics or conditions which are associated with safety, given the presence of risk factors. Important protective factors include:
- Employment of abuser (who therefore has something to lose)
- Employment of survivor (who therefore is less isolated)
- Social connections of survivor
- Access to resources for survivor
- Survivor's ability in the past to protect self and children
Assessing protective factors:
- Does survivor have friends and/or family who know about the abuse?
- Does survivor have at least one person she considers an ally?
- Is there a safe place known to survivor and children to which to flee if needed?
- Does survivor have economic resources to manage without abuser?